The Society’s Blaxter Award is named after Sir Kenneth Blaxter FRS PRSE who directed the Rowett Research Institute from 1965 – 1982, was a leading figure in energy metabolism and animal nutrition in the second half of the last century, and was a former President of the Society between 1974 and 1977.
The award will be awarded to scientists within the area of Whole Body Metabolism and Animal Nutrition.
Further details including application criteria and how to apply will be available soon. If you would like to be the first to be informed when information is available, please contact us.
Sir Kenneth BlaxterFRS PRSE (1919 – 1991) studied agriculture, biology and botany at the University of Reading in 1936, graduating in 1939. On graduation, Blaxter worked at the National Institute for Research in Dairying (NIRD), located in Shinfield. From 1941 after serving with the 10th Field Regiment of the Royal Artillery, he began to write his PhD thesis, entitled ‘The maintenance of the winter milk supply in wartime’. By 1944 he completed the thesis and shortly thereafter, he requested to be seconded to the biochemistry department of the Ministry of Agriculture in Weybridge, where he conducted blood analysis and researched lead toxicity in ruminants. In 1946, Blaxter moved to Illinois to work with animal nutritionist Harold Mitchell at the University of Illinois.
In 1948, Blaxter became the Head of the Nutrition Department at the Hannah Dairy Research Institute in Ayr, Scotland. During his tenure at the Hannah, Blaxter wrote over 200 scientific papers, focusing primarily on the issues of energy metabolism and feed usage by ruminants. In addition, he investigated nutritional diseases and magnesium deficiency in calves, the effect of temperature and other environmental effects on sheep, and ruminant digestion and feed intake.
In 1965, Blaxter was appointed the third Director of the Rowett Research Institute in Aberdeen, Scotland. During his time as Director (1965 – 1982), the Institute considerably enhanced its position as a leader in research on animal nutrition, focusing on the needs of the farming industry.
Blaxter was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1967 and was knighted in 1977. From 1972 to 1975, he served as vice-president of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, and was President from 1979 to 1982. In 1979, he received the Wolf Prize in Agriculture for his research into the nutritional requirements of ruminants. In 1992, he was posthumously awarded the Rank Prize in Nutrition for his lifetime contributions to nutrition science. Blaxter was also the recipient of honorary doctorates from Queen's University in Belfast, the Agricultural University in Norway, the University of Leeds, the University of Aberdeen and the University of Newcastle.