This webinar will start with a definition of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) and an outline of the commonest forms of DM seen in the UK - namely type 1, type 2 and Gestational Diabetes. The risk factors for the development of type 1 and type 2 DM are different, and this presentation will focus on type 2 DM. The combination of inactivity and overweight/obesity are the major contributors to type 2 DM risk and the increases in obesity and overweight in the past few decades are likely to have contributed to the increased prevalence of type 2 DM in the UK and elsewhere. The impaired glucose regulation and associated disturbances of metabolism are not trivial and DM is a major risk factor for the development of both macrovascular (including CHD and stroke) and microvascular (eyes, kidneys, sensory nerves) disease.
Optimising the control of diabetes is the target of the various treatment approaches, and measuring this effectiveness with measures of important markers in the blood (e.g. Glycated haemoglobin - HbA1c) being used to assess the effectiveness of these treatments.